The Classification Act of 1923

42 Stat. 1488

March 4, 1923
[H.R. 8928]
[Public, No. 516]

CHAP. 265.--An Act To provide for the classification of civilian positions within the District of Columbia and in the field services.

   Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That this Act may be cited as "The Classification Act of 1923."

   SEC. 2. That the term "compensation schedules" means the schedules of positions, grades, and salaries, as contained in section 13 of the Act.
   The term "department" means an executive department of the United States Government, a governmental establishment in the executive branch of the United States Government which is not a part of an executive department, the municipal government of the District of Columbia, the Botanic Garden, Library of Congress, Library Building and Grounds, Government Printing Office, and the Smithsonian Institution.
   The term "the head of the department" means the officer of group of officers in the department who are not subordinate or responsible to any other officer of the department.
   The term "board" means the Personal Classification Board established by section 3 hereof.
   The term "position" means a specific civilian office or employment, whether occupied or vacant, in a department other than the following: Offices or employments in the Postal Service; teachers, librarians, school attendance officers, and employees of the community center department under the Board of Education of the District of Columbia; officers and members of the Metropolitan police, the fire department of the District of Columbia, and the United States park police; and the commissioned personnel of the Coast Guard, the Public Health Service, and the Coast and Geodetic Survey.
   The term "employee" means any person temporarily or permanently in a position.
   The term "service" means the broadest division of related offices and employments.
   The term "grade" means a subdivision of a service, including one or more positions for which approximately the same basic qualifications and compensation are prescribed, the distinction between grades being based upon differences in the importance, difficulty, responsibility, and value of the work.
   The term "class" means a group of positions to be established under this Act sufficiently similar in respect to the duties and responsibilities thereof that the same requirements as to education, experience, knowledge, and ability are demanded of incumbents, and the same schedule of compensation is made to apply with equity.
   The term "compensation" means any salary, wage, fee, allowance, or other emolument paid to an employee for service in a position.

[Remainder of Act omitted.]


This Act is referenced in the history for 5 USC 662 (1946).  Acts also listed in the history are: June 20, 1929, ch. 33 3, 46 Stat. 38; June 30, 1932, ch. 314, 505, 47 Stat. 416; Aug. 1, 1941, ch. 346, 6, 55 Stat. 615.
This act was repealed by the act of Oct. 28, 1949, ch. 782, title XII, 1202 (1), (4), (5), (9), 63 Stat. 972, 973.  See history for 5 USC 661-663 (1952).


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